The Geopolitics of Public Memory: The Challenge and Promise of Transnational Comfort Women Activism

Majia Nadesan, Linda Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Japan conscripted a disputed number of “comfort women” to sexually service their soldiers in occupied territories during World War II. In the aftermath of war, this apparatus was ignored by international diplomacy, and few survivors related their experiences as sex slaves. However, during the early 1990s, sexual crimes against women achieved international attention, emboldened by and emboldening silence breakers whose personal experiences were both affirmed and negated by competing global stakeholders. Activists seeking recognition of and reparations for crimes against survivors of Japan’s comfort women system have since deployed memorials to contest Japan’s position that comfort women were sex workers. These memorials materially instantiate the conflicted interpretations of the scope and severity of Japan’s war crimes, whose undecidability signifies ruptures in the contemporary symbolic order of the United States, Japan, and South Korea alliance. This project examines how online audiences construct the meanings of the highly contested 2017 San Francisco memorial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-142
Number of pages20
JournalWomen's Studies in Communication
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2022


  • Comfort women
  • contested experience
  • memorials
  • narratives and geopolitics
  • public memory
  • social media audiences
  • statues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Communication


Dive into the research topics of 'The Geopolitics of Public Memory: The Challenge and Promise of Transnational Comfort Women Activism'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this