The gendered nature of drug acquisition behavior within marijuana and crack drug markets

Marie L. Griffin, Nancy Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Previous studies examining how gender structures women's opportunities to engage in the street-level drug economy have provided insight into the changing nature of illicit drug markets and women's roles within this illegitimate economy. Using national data from the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring program, this study adds to the existing body of research by examining drug market acquisition behaviors and how such drug activity differs by gender. The findings indicate that male and female arrestees use different strategies when obtaining drugs. Specifically, women appear to rely on a more limited array of social contacts than men when acquiring drugs. The results also reveal that the effect of gender on efforts to obtain drugs is not constant across drug types. This study suggests that the strategies used by women when obtaining drugs may very well reflect the gendered culture of street-level drug markets and the influence of personal relationships on women's involvement in criminal activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-431
Number of pages24
JournalCrime and Delinquency
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2011


  • crack cocaine
  • drug acquisition
  • drug markets
  • gender and drugs
  • women and drugs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law


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