The effect of local life circumstances on victimization of drug-involved women

Gaylene S. Armstrong, Marie L. Griffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


While numerous studies have examined female victimization in the general population, fewer studies have focused specifically on high-risk populations such as drug-involved females. Of the existing literature, the Lifestyle Exposure and/or Routine Activities theory is frequently used to examine the antecedent conditions and correlates of female victimization. This study employs a dynamic modeling approach to examine the effect of short-term change (i.e., monthly) in local life circumstances on female victimization within a criminogenic population. Results demonstrated that risk of victimization increased in months a woman was in a relationship, lived with a significant other and/or her children, engaged in criminogenic behavior, or lived in an transitory situation. Contrary to traditional theoretical expectations, conventional employment did not reduce a women's likelihood of victimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-105
Number of pages26
JournalJustice Quarterly
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • Drug-involved women
  • Local life circumstances
  • Victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law


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