The contribution of agreeableness and self-efficacy beliefs to prosociality

Gian Vittorio Caprara, Guido Alessandri, Laura di Giunta, Laura Panerai, Nancy Eisenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations


The present study examined how agreeableness and self-efficacy beliefs about responding empathically to others' needs predict individuals' prosociality across time. Participants were 377 adolescents (66% males) aged 16 at Time 1 and 18 at Time 2 who took part at this study. Measures of agreeableness, empathic self-efficacy and prosociality were collected at two time points. The findings corroborated the posited paths of relations to assigning agreeableness a major role in predicting the level of individuals' prosociality. Empathic self-efficacy beliefs partially mediated the relation of agreeableness to prosociality. The posited conceptual model accounted for a significant portion of variance in prosociality and provides guidance with respect to interventions aimed at promoting prosociality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-55
Number of pages20
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2010


  • Agreeableness
  • Empathic self-efficacy beliefs
  • Prosociality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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