The benefit of intelligence officers: Assessing their contribution to success through actionable intelligence

A. Johannes Bottema, Cody Telep

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Scopus citations


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the extent to which intelligence officers integrated at the patrol level contribute to successful case outcomes through information sharing. Design/methodology/approach: This study utilizes multinomial logistic regression to analyze the outcomes of three years of Intelligence Officer Reports (IORs) submitted by officers trained in the Phoenix Police Department’s Intelligence Officer Program. Findings: The majority of IORs are either tangible case successes or intelligence successes that have the capacity to become these, as opposed to non-successes. The type of success is impacted by a number of predictors. These include case categorization, nature of crime, information-gathering methods and perceived validity of information. Perceived reliability of information was the only non-significant predictor. Research limitations/implications: The study suggests the benefits of looking at multiple predictors of success in understanding the value of information gathered by intelligence officers in the field. Limitations include a fair amount of missing data and potential lack of generalizability to other agencies. Future research will also consider alternative ways of measuring success and the nesting of reports within officers. Practical implications: The study provides insight into key factors for optimizing tangible case outcomes when institutionalizing intelligence-led policing at the patrol level. Originality/value: This is the first study to consider how intelligence-led policing at the patrol level may influence case outcomes, and, in turn, what factors may contribute to this. Findings provide some initial considerations for optimizing desirable case outcomes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2-15
    Number of pages14
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Feb 4 2019


    • Intelligence officer
    • Intelligence-led policing
    • Patrol
    • Success

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
    • Public Administration
    • Law


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