The Application of Motivational Theory to Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The level of motivation sustained by an individual has been identified as a primary predictor of success in sustained cardiovascular risk factor modification efforts. This article reviews the primary motivational theories that have been used to explain and predict cardiovascular risk reduction. Specifically, the application of the Health Belief Model, Health Promotion Model, Theory of Reasoned Action, Theory of Planned Behavior and Self‐efficacy Theory to the initiation and maintenance of cardiovascular health behavior is addressed. The implication of these theories for the development of nursing interventions as well as new directions for nursing research and practice in the study of individual motivation in health behavior change are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-239
Number of pages11
JournalImage: the Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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