Temperature-aware DVFS for hard real-time applications on multicore processors

Vinay Hanumaiah, Sarma Vrudhula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


This paper addresses the problem of determining the feasible speeds and voltages of multicore processors with hard real-time and temperature constraints. This is an important problem, which has applications in time-critical execution of programs like audio and video encoding on application-specific embedded processors. Two problems are solved. The first is the computation of the optimal time-varying voltages and speeds of each core in a heterogeneous multicore processor, that minimize the makespan-the latest completion time of all tasks, while satisfying timing and temperature constraints. The solution to the makespan minimization problem is then extended to the problem of determining the feasible speeds and voltages that satisfy task deadlines. The methods presented in this paper also provide a theoretical basis and analytical relations between speed, voltage, power and temperature, which provide greater insight into the early-phase design of processors and are also useful for online dynamic thermal management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5999658
Pages (from-to)1484-1494
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computers
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2012


  • Multicore
  • dynamic voltage and frequency scaling
  • leakage dependence on temperature
  • makespan minimization
  • optimal control
  • performance optimization
  • real-time
  • task deadlines
  • thermal management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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