TEM characterization of yttrium silicide layers synthesized by ion implantation

N. D. Theodore, T. L. Alford, J. C. Barbour, C. B. Carter, J. W. Mayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The structure of Si implanted with high doses of yttrium has been investigated by varying implantation doses and energies. As implantation doses increase into the low 1017 cm-2 range, silicide precipitates form. The precipitates are thin and long and lie parallel to {111} planes in the Si matrix. As dopant concentrations increase, the precipitates themselves become more equiaxed, aspect ratios decrease, and precipitates densities increase until the precipitates coalesce to form a continuous buried layer of yttrium silicide within the Si matrix. The layer thickness is relatively uneven. As implant doses increase to ∼ 4×1017 cm-2, the layer thicknesses become more uniform although there are still defects present. As the implant doses increase further, the precipitate bands on either side of the continuous layer decrease due to gettering of yttrium to the layer. As the energy of the implant is increased, the appearance of the sample is similar to that of the lower energy implants except that the layer is buried deeper in the Si matrix. Observations of the silicide are consistent with its having the AlB2 structure with ordered vacancies on the Si sublattice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-532
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Physics A Solids and Surfaces
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • 61.10
  • 61.70
  • 68.55

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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