Technology transfer from U.S. government and university R&D laboratories

Barry Bozeman, Michael Crow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Despite the increased interest in domestic technology transfer, there is surprisingly little empirical evidence on determinants of technology transfer activity. This study presents results from a national survey of more than 900 laboratories, focusing on a sub-sample of 134 government laboratories and 139 university laboratories. An environmental dependence model of technology transfer activity is presented, arguing that influence of political authority is a major determinant of technology transfer activity. Tests of the model indicated that scientific and technical mission diversity is particularly important in understanding technology transfer to both government and industry. However, a variety of measures of political boundary spanning are quite important in transfer to government but not so to industry. Likewise, the nature of the resource base (government vs. industrial) is strongly related to the choice to transfer technology to, respectively, government and industry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-246
Number of pages16
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


Dive into the research topics of 'Technology transfer from U.S. government and university R&D laboratories'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this