Technology transfer and public policy: A review of research and theory

Barry Bozeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1067 Scopus citations


My purpose is to review, synthesize and criticize the voluminous, multidisciplinary literature on technology transfer. To reduce the literature to manageable proportions, I focus chiefly (not exclusively) on recent literature on domestic technology transfer from universities and government laboratories. I begin by examining a set of fundamental conceptual issues, especially the ways in which the analytical ambiguities surrounding technology transfer concepts affect research and theory. My literature review follows and I emphasize technology transfer's impact and effectiveness. I employ a "Contingent Effectiveness Model of Technology Transfer" to organize the literature. As the model's name implies, it assumes that technology effectiveness can take a variety of forms. In addition to examining the more traditional effectiveness criteria- those rooted in market impacts- the model considers a number of alternative effectiveness criteria, including political effectiveness, capacity-building.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-655
Number of pages29
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number4-5
StatePublished - Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Public policy
  • Research
  • Technology transfer
  • Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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