Technological modernization, the Internet, and religion in Singapore

Randolph Kluver, Pauline Hope Cheong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


This study critically examines the ways in which technological modernization and religion co-exist and mutually reinforce one another within the Singaporean context. Interviews with religious leaders of a diverse set of faiths in Singapore about how they understand the role of information technology in religious practice reveal a broad-based acceptance of the Internet and other information technologies and little sense of a danger to religious faith. Contrary to the proposals of secularization theory, these findings suggest that various religious communities have adopted and in some cases embrace the Internet as part of their contemporary religious mission and strategy for growth. The findings further contribute to historical research on the social construction of technology and lend support to emergent research on the spiritual shaping of Internet technology by religious communities seeking to integrate the Internet into their everyday social and religious practices in wired contexts such as Singapore.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1122-1142
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Computer-Mediated Communication
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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