Synthesis and thermodynamics of transition metal oxide based sodium ion cathode materials

Radha Shivaramaiah, Sindhoora Tallapragada, G. P. Nagabhushana, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


While finding sustainable renewable energy sources is of high priority, it is equally important to develop solutions for energy storage. Advances in lithium ion batteries (LIB) indeed represent a great step in this direction. However, lithium is scarce and expensive, Batteries based on more earth-abundant elements such as sodium are attractive replacements. Layered transition metal oxides with sodium in the interlayer are promising battery cathode materials. Here we report the synthesis of a series of NaMO2 (M = Mn, Fe, Co and Ni) materials and analysis of their thermodynamic stability using high temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry. Their formation enthalpies from corresponding binary oxides are highly exothermic. The NaMO2 materials are thermodynamically more stable than their LiMO2 counterparts owing to higher electropositivity of Na+ over Li+. The formation enthalpies become less exothermic in the sequence Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, a trend seen in many other ternary transition metal oxides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number121011
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
StatePublished - Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Calorimetry
  • Energy storage
  • Sodium batteries
  • Thermodynamics
  • Transition metal oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis and thermodynamics of transition metal oxide based sodium ion cathode materials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this