Synthesis and properties of Mo5Si3 single crystals

F. Chu, D. J. Thoma, K. McClellan, P. Peralta, Y. He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Scopus citations


The ultra-high temperature structural intermetallic Mo5Si3 has been studied for alloy processing, physical properties, and mechanical behavior. High purity single crystals of Mo5Si3 have been synthesized by both optical floating zone and Czochralski methods. Structural, thermal, and elastic properties of Mo5Si3 single crystals were measured by X-ray powder diffraction, thermal mechanical analysis, and resonant ultrasound spectroscopy, respectively. Results show that the thermal expansion of Mo5Si3, a tetragonal structure with I4/mcm symmetry, is strongly anisotropic along the a and c directions with αca = 2.2. Single crystal elastic moduli of Mo5Si3 indicate that it has less elastic anisotropy and lower shear modulus than most transition metal disilicides. The impacts of these physical properties on alloy processing and mechanical behavior are discussed. Room temperature Vickers indentation tests on the (100) and (001) planes have been performed for different orientations of the indenter diagonal and the corresponding hardness, fracture toughness, and deformation behavior have been obtained as a function of the crystallography. Finally, the physical properties and mechanical behavior of Mo5Si3 are compared with those of other high temperature structural silicides, e.g. MoSi2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-620
Number of pages10
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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