Subcritical crack growth and crack tip driving forces in relation to material resistance

Kuntimaddi Sadananda, Kiran Solanki, Asuri K. Vasudevan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Basic concepts, related to the crack tip driving forces in relation to the material resistance, are analyzed for the elastic and elastic-plastic crack growth condition. This defines the crack initiation and growth conditions, as well as for crack arrest. Environment provides an additional driving force, thereby reducing the mechanical driving force required for the crack to grow. It is shown that (a) crack initiation and its growth are inseparable and (b) the magnitude of the applied and/or internal stresses; their gradients are also important for initiation and continuous growth of a crack. Elastic-plastic crack growth is also analyzed using the discrete dislocation models. The results show that its behavior is similar to that of an elastic crack. These concepts are valid for all subcritical crack growth. Mechanical and mechanical equivalent of chemical forces are defined for estimating the life prediction of a component in service. Failure diagrams are defined based on the extension of classical Kitagawa-Takahashi diagram that bridges the behavior of smooth and fracture mechanics specimens. Connections between crack initiation, growth, arrest, and overload fracture are established via these failure diagrams. Application of these diagrams for engineering components in service is outlined for diagnostic and prognostic purposes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-265
Number of pages15
JournalCorrosion Reviews
Issue number4-5
StatePublished - Jul 12 2017


  • Griffith’s analysis
  • Kitagawa-Takahashi diagram
  • Plasticity
  • Surface energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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