Study of Turkish bridge standards involving a reinforced concrete arch bridge

Mustafa S. Lok, Anthony J. Lamanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Turkish bridge design standards were studied with a focus on the live load. Turkish design specifications were compared with American design specifications. Turkish bridge design specifications follow American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials-Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges (AASHTO-SSHB), with the live load in Turkish standards given in tonnes, whereas in AASHTO-SSHB the live load is in tons. Turkish bridges are currently designed to either HS20 or HS30, the latter being 65% heavier than HS20-44. A reinforced concrete open spandrel arch bridge in Birecik, Turkey was analyzed using a service load approach according to AASHTO-SSHB with a heavy equipment transporter (HET), weighing 104,600 kg, as the live load. Dead load, live load, and impact were considered, and the analysis did not include any modification for possible deterioration, damage, or aging of the bridge. The bridge was not deemed adequate for passage of a HET using these assumptions. 2006.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-280
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 26 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Bridge design
  • Bridges, arch
  • Live loads
  • Structural analysis
  • Turkey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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