Students' physical activity levels and teachers' active supervision during fitness instruction

Hans Van Der Mars, Paul Darst, Bill Vogler, Barbara Cusimano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Active supervision patterns of 18 elementary physical educators were studied in relation to physical activity levels of 3 students per teacher (n = 54) during allotted fitness time. Activity level was measured using the system for observing fitness instruction time (SOFIT) activity categories. Results showed that during fitness instruction teachers spent over 90% of the time in peripheral areas of the gym, actively moved about (7.9 sector changes per minute), and provided augmented feedback to students (3.7 total rpm). Students' most predominant activity levels were very active, standing, and walking, respectively. Students' moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels averaged 51.9%. Higher percentages of peripheral positioning and demonstrating by teachers correlated with lower amounts of standing still and higher amounts of very active and MVPA behavior. Higher rates of corrective feedback correlated with higher levels of students' walking and MVPA behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-75
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Teaching in Physical Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Education


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