Structures and Magnetic Properties of Trinuclear Copper(II) Halide Salts

Todd E. Grigereit, B. L. Ramakrishna, Helen Place, Roger D. Willett, Gian Carlo Pellacani, Tiziano Manfredini, Ledi Menabue, Anna Bonamartini-Corradi, Luigi Pietro Battaglia

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The crystal structures of a series of trinuclear copper(II) halide salts have been determined. These all contain pseudoplanar, symmetrically bibridged Cu3X82-(la) or Cu3X7L-(lb) anions.acu3C18or A2Cu3Cl8salts are formed with A being the [formula omitted] N-methylpiperazinium (NMPZ), 3-methyl-2-aminopyridinium (3MAP), and 5-methyl-2-aminopyridinium (5MAP) cations. A Cu3Br83-analogue is found with the 5-bromo-6-methyl-2-aminopyridinium (5B6MAP) cation. With the methylphenethyl-ammonium (NMPH) cation, a (NMPH)Cu3Cl7•EtOH salt is isolated. The salts are all monoclinic with the following space group and lattice constants: NMPZ, C5H14N2Cu3Cl8, P2l/c, a = 6.840 (3) Å, b = 14.321 (9) Å, c = 9.890 (5) Å, β = 102.90 (5)°, Z = 4; 3MAP, C12H18N4Cu3Cls, C2/c, a = 26.05 (1) Å,b= 13.687 (4) Å, c = 7.099 (3) Å, β = 117.95 (3)°, Z = 4; NMPH, C11H20NOC3Cl7, P21/n, a = 11.843 (4) Å, b = 7.626 (3) Å, c = 23.840 (10) Å, β = 79.61 (3)°, Z = 4; 5B6MAP, C12N10N4-Cu3Br10, P21/n, a = 13.216 (3) Å, b = 4.076 (1) Å, c = 24.614 (6) Å, β = 91.65 (2)°, Z = 2. Each copper ion extends its primary coordination by formation of two semicoordinate bonds to halide ions in adjacent oligomers, yielding the familiar 4+2 coordination geometry for copper(II) complexes. These additional linkages cause the oligomers to aggregate into stacks, yielding stacking patterns of type Ila (NMPZ, 3MAP salts) or type IIb (NMPH, 5MAP, and 5B6MAP), Cu-X distances are approximately 2.3 [figure omitted] Å (Cl) or 2.4Å (Br) within the oligomers and 2.7-3.3 Å (Cl) or 3.2-3.3 Å (Br) between oligomers. The bridging Cu-X-Cu angles within the trimer average near 94°. Magnetic susceptibility measurements have been made on the NMPZ, NMPH, 3MAP, and 5MAP chloride salts. In addition, measurements were performed on Cu3Cl6(CH3CN)2, which contains neutral trinuclear oligomers. All compounds have doublet ground states arising from antiferromagnetic exchange coupling between neighboring copper(II) ions. The value of J/k is typically -20 to -35 K, consistent with the structural characteristics of the trimeric species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2235-2243
Number of pages9
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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