Structure of RIASEC scores in China: A structural meta-analysis

Lirong Long, Terence Tracey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


A structural meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the fit of four different representations of the relations among RIASEC types, Holland's (1985, 1997) circular order model, Gati's (1991) three-group partition model, Rounds and Tracey's (1996) alternative three-group partition model, and Liu and Rounds' (2003) modified octant model, on 29 RIASEC correlation matrices collected from Chinese participants. The randomization test of hypothesized order relations was used to evaluate model fit. The results indicated that Holland's model had the worst fit and was lower than it is fit in US samples; while Gati's and Rounds and Tracey's models had best fit. The fit of the Liu and Rounds' model lay between the fit of Holland's model and the other models. There was minimal difference in this ordering of model fit across instrument, age, gender and region. These results are interpreted with respect to differences in Chinese culture relative to the US.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-51
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006


  • Circumplex
  • Holland's hexagon
  • Interest structure
  • Interests in China

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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