Hydrogen undergoes dissociative chemisorption on small titanium clusters. How the electronic structure of the cluster changes as a function of the number of adsorbed hydrogen atoms is an important issue in nanocatalysis and hydrogen storage. In this paper, a detailed theoretical investigation of the structural, energetic, and electronic properties of the icosahedral Ti13 cluster is presented as a function of the number of adsorbed hydrogen atoms. The results show that hydrogen loaded Ti13 H20 and Ti13 H30 clusters are exceptionally stable and are characterized by hydrogen multicenter bonds. In Ti13 H20, the dissociated hydrogen atoms are bound to each of the 20 triangular faces of Ti13, while in Ti13 H30, they are bound to the 30 Ti-Ti edges of Ti13. Consequently, the chemisorption and desorption energies of the Ti13 H20 (1.93 eV, 3.10 eV) are higher than that of Ti13 H30 (1.13 eV, 1.95 eV). While increased hydrogen adsorption leads to an elongation of the Ti-Ti bonds, there is a concomitant increase in the electrostatic interaction between the dissociated hydrogen atoms and the Ti13 cluster. This enhanced interaction results from the participation of the subsurface titanium atom at higher hydrogen concentrations. Illustrative results of hydrogen saturation on the larger icosahedral Ti55 cluster are also discussed. The importance of these results on hydrogen saturated titanium clusters in elucidating the mechanism of hydrogen adsorption and desorption in titanium doped complex metal hydrides is discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry