Structural disorder, magnetism, and electrical and thermoelectric properties of pyrochlore Nd2Ru2O7

Michael W. Gaultois, Phillip T. Barton, Christina S. Birkel, Lauren M. Misch, Efrain E. Rodriguez, Galen D. Stucky, Ram Seshadri

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35 Scopus citations


Polycrystalline Nd2Ru2O7 samples have been prepared and examined using a combination of structural, magnetic, and electrical and thermal transport studies. Analysis of synchrotron x-ray and neutron diffraction patterns suggests some site disorder on the A-site in the pyrochlore sublattice: Ru substitutes on the Nd-site up to 7.0(3)%, regardless of the different preparative conditions explored. Intrinsic magnetic and electrical transport properties have been measured. Ru 4d spins order antiferromagnetically at 143 K, as seen both in the susceptibility and in the specific heat, and there is a corresponding change in the electrical resistivity. The onset of a second antiferromagnetic ordering transition seen below 5 K is attributed to ordering of Nd 4f spins. Nd2Ru 2O7 is an electrical insulator, and this behaviour is believed to be independent of the Ru-antisite disorder on the Nd-site. The electrical properties of Nd2Ru2O7 are presented in the light of data published on all A2Ru2O7 pyrochlores, and we emphasize the special structural role that Bi3+ ions on the A-site play in driving metallic behaviour. High-temperature thermoelectric properties have also been measured. When considered in the context of known thermoelectric materials with useful figures-of-merit, it is clear that Nd2Ru2O7 has excessively high electrical resistivity which prevents it from being an effective thermoelectric. A method for screening candidate thermoelectrics is suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number186004
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number18
StatePublished - May 8 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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