Structural determinants of occupational shifts for males and females in the U.S. Labor market

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8 Scopus citations


This paper examines the effects of structural transformation on occupational shifts for socio-demographic groups. Although services add more jobs than manufacturing, shifts in manufacturing industries continue to be a source of growth in high-order white and blue collar work for males. However, for females, these industries are significant only in determining pink collar and low-order blue collar work. Similar trends are noted for advanced producer services such as finance, insurance, and real estate. Other nonmanufacturing sectors with relatively stable product markets and strong internal labor market conditions, such as construction and transportation, continue to be significant in creating a range of jobs for males. Although males are faced with reduced opportunities following the loss of manufacturing jobs, male-female differentials prevail in the labor market; males continue to fill high-order jobs in services, and females cluster in low-order occupations and in sectors with volatile product markets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-279
Number of pages12
JournalProfessional Geographer
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender
  • Labor market
  • Occupational segmentation
  • Service industries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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