Strong Superexchange in a d9-δ Nickelate Revealed by Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering

J. Q. Lin, P. Villar Arribi, G. Fabbris, A. S. Botana, D. Meyers, H. Miao, Y. Shen, D. G. Mazzone, J. Feng, S. G. Chiuzbǎian, A. Nag, A. C. Walters, M. García-Fernández, Ke Jin Zhou, J. Pelliciari, I. Jarrige, J. W. Freeland, Junjie Zhang, J. F. Mitchell, V. BisogniX. Liu, M. R. Norman, M. P.M. Dean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


The discovery of superconductivity in a d9-δ nickelate has inspired disparate theoretical perspectives regarding the essential physics of this class of materials. A key issue is the magnitude of the magnetic superexchange, which relates to whether cuprate-like high-temperature nickelate superconductivity could be realized. We address this question using Ni L-edge and O K-edge spectroscopy of the reduced d9-1/3 trilayer nickelates R4Ni3O8 (where R=La, Pr) and associated theoretical modeling. A magnon energy scale of ∼80 meV resulting from a nearest-neighbor magnetic exchange of J=69(4) meV is observed, proving that d9-δ nickelates can host a large superexchange. This value, along with that of the Ni-O hybridization estimated from our O K-edge data, implies that trilayer nickelates represent an intermediate case between the infinite-layer nickelates and the cuprates. Layered nickelates thus provide a route to testing the relevance of superexchange to nickelate superconductivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number087001
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Feb 22 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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