Storage of F and Cl in the upper mantle: geochemical implications

J. V. Smith, J. S. Delaney, R. L. Hervig, J. B. Dawson

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90 Scopus citations


Electron microprobe analyses yielded mean values of F 0.43 and Cl 0.08 wt.% for primary-textured phlogopites in coarse, depleted garnet-lherzolite xenoliths from kimberlites. Most secondary-textured phlogopites have too low Cl (0.01-0.08 wt.%) to be metamorphic precursors of primary-textured phlogopites. MARID-suite phlogopites and many megacrysts in kimberlites have low Cl (∼ 0.02wt.%), and some but not necessarily all secondary micas may result from infiltration of kimberlite into peridotite xenoliths. A good correlation between P and F in some oceanic basalts and gabbros might suggest that these elements are derived mainly from F-rich apatite inthe mantle, and that whitlockite is not present in the source region. Mantle-derived mica and amphibole have such low Cl that it is necessary to attribute Cl in oceanic basalts and gabbros either to substantial Cl in the source apatite, or to Cl from invading solutions, or both: three apatites from the mantle contain 0.8-1.0 wt.% Cl, and others contain lower amounts. The halogen contents of kimberlitic magmas can be explained by incorporation of Cl-bearing mica and F-rich apatite during melting of peridotites, but compositional constraints are weak.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-147
Number of pages15
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 15 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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