Stewardship of the biosphere in the urban era

Thomas Elmqvist, Michail Fragkias, Julie Goodness, Burak Güneralp, Peter J. Marcotullio, Robert I. McDonald, Susan Parnell, Maria Schewenius, Marte Sendstad, Karen C. Seto, Cathy Wilkinson, Marina Alberti, Carl Folke, Niki Frantzeskaki, Dagmar Haase, Madhusudan Katti, Harini Nagendra, Jari Niemelä, Steward T A Pickett, Charles RedmanKeith Tidball

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

97 Scopus citations


We are entering a new urban era in which the ecology of the planet as a whole is increasingly infl uenced by human activities (Turner et al. 1990 Ellis 2011; Steffen et al. 2011a, b; Folke et al. 2011). Cities have become a central nexus of the relationship between people and nature, both as crucial centres of demand of ecosystem services, and as sources of environmental impacts. Approximately 60 % of the urban land present in 2030 is forecast to be built in the period 2000–2030 (Chap. 21). Urbanization therefore presents challenges but also opportunities. In the next two to three decades, we have unprecedented chances to vastly improve global sustainability through designing systems for increased resource effi ciency, as well as through exploring how cities can be responsible stewards of biodiversity and ecosystem services, both within and beyond city boundaries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationUrbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges and Opportunities: A Global Assessment
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9789400770881
ISBN (Print)9789400770874
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Environmental Science


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