Stellar flares from blended and neighbouring stars in Kepler short cadence observations

James A.G. Jackman, Evgenya Shkolnik, R. O. Parke Loyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


We present the results of a search for stellar flares from stars neighbouring the target sources in the Kepler short cadence data. These flares have been discarded as contaminants in previous surveys and therefore provide an unexplored resource of flare events, in particular high-energy events from faint stars. We have measured M dwarf flare energies up to 1.5 × 1035 erg, pushing the limit for flare energies measured using Kepler data. We have used our sample to study the flaring activity of wide binaries, finding that the lower mass counterpart in a wide binary flares more often at a given energy. Of the 4430 flares detected in our original search, 298 came from a neighbouring star, a rate of 6.7 ± 0.4 per cent for the Kepler short cadence light curves. We have used our sample to estimate a 5.8 ± 0.1 per cent rate of false positive flare events in studies using Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite short cadence data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2033-2042
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021


  • stars: flare
  • stars: low-mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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