A wild-type strain, Sp972 h-, of Schizosaccharomyces pombe was mutagenized with ethylmethanesulfonate (EMS), and 2-deoxyglucose (2-DOG)- resistant mutants were isolated. Out of 300 independent 2-DOG-resistant mutants, 2 failed to grow on glucose and fructose (mutants 3/8 and 3/23); however, their hexokinase activity was normal. They have been characterized as defective in their sugar transport properties, and the mutations have been designated as std1-8 and std1-23 (sugar transport defective). The mutations are allelic and segregate as part of a single gene when the mutants carrying them are crossed to a wild-type strain. We confirmed the transport deficiency of these mutants by [14C]glucose uptake. They also fail to grow on other monosaccharides, such as fructose, mannose, and xylulose, as well as disaccharides, such as sucrose and maltose, unlike the wild-type strain. Lack of growth of the glucose transport-deficient mutants on maltose revealed the extracellular breakdown of maltose in S. pombe, unlike in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Both of the mutants are unable to grow on low concentrations of glucose (10 to 20 mM), while one of them, 3/23, grows on high concentrations (50 to 100 mM) as if altered in its affinity for glucose. This mutant (3/23) shows a lag period of 12 to 18 h when grown on high concentrations of glucose. The lag disappears when the culture is transferred from the log phase of its growth on high concentrations. These mutants complement phenotypically similar sugar transport mutants (YGS4 and YGS5) reported earlier by Milbradt and Hoefer (Microbiology 140:2617-2623, 1994), and the clone complementing YGS4 and YGS5 was identified as the only glucose transporter in fission yeast having 12 transmembrane domains. These mutants also demonstrate two other defects: lack of induction and repression of shunt pathway enzymes and defective mating.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology