Standardized reporting of the costs of management interventions for biodiversity conservation

Gwenllian D. Iacona, William J. Sutherland, Bonnie Mappin, Vanessa M. Adams, Paul R. Armsworth, Tim Coleshaw, Carly Cook, Ian Craigie, Lynn V. Dicks, James A. Fitzsimons, Jennifer McGowan, Andrew J. Plumptre, Tal Polak, Andrew S. Pullin, Jeremy Ringma, Ian Rushworth, Andrea Santangeli, Annette Stewart, Ayesha Tulloch, Jessica C. WalshHugh P. Possingham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


Effective conservation management interventions must combat threats and deliver benefits at costs that can be achieved within limited budgets. Considerable effort has focused on measuring the potential benefits of conservation interventions, but explicit quantification of the financial costs of implementation is rare. Even when costs have been quantified, haphazard and inconsistent reporting means published values are difficult to interpret. This reporting deficiency hinders progress toward a collective understanding of the financial costs of management interventions across projects and thus limits the ability to identify efficient solutions to conservation problems or attract adequate funding. We devised a standardized approach to describing financial costs reported for conservation interventions. The standards call for researchers and practitioners to describe the objective and outcome, context and methods, and scale of costed interventions, and to state which categories of costs are included and the currency and date for reported costs. These standards aim to provide enough contextual information that readers and future users can interpret the cost data appropriately. We suggest these standards be adopted by major conservation organizations, conservation science institutions, and journals so that cost reporting is comparable among studies. This would support shared learning and enhance the ability to identify and perform cost-effective conservation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)979-988
Number of pages10
JournalConservation Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • conservation accountancy
  • conservation evidence
  • contabilidad en conservación
  • costo-beneficio
  • cost–benefit
  • effectiveness
  • evidencias de conservación
  • rentabilidad
  • return-on-investment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation


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