Stability of the dry proton conductor CsHSO4 in hydrogen atmosphere

B. Yang, A. M. Kannan, A. Manthiram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


With an objective to assess the suitability of the dry proton conductor cesium hydrogen sulfate (CsHSO4) as an electrolyte for fuel cells, its chemical stability in H2 atmosphere in presence of the electrocatalyst Pt/C has been investigated. X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) data indicate that CsHSO4 decomposes to Cs2SO4 and H2S at 150 °C in H2 atmosphere when it is mixed with Pt/C catalyst, while it is quite stable under identical conditions in the absence of the Pt/C catalyst. Although thin composite membranes (∼80μm) prepared with poly(vinylidene fluoride) and CsHSO4 exhibit high proton conductivity at 150-200 °C that is adequate for fuel cell applications, development of compatible non-platinum alloy or transition metal oxide catalysts is needed before CsHSO4 could be considered as an electrolyte for fuel cells. Also, processing procedures need to be optimized to obtain dense, gas impermeable membranes suitable for fuel cell applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-698
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 24 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Differential scanning calorimetry
  • Inorganic compounds
  • Ionic conductivity
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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