Stakeholders who seek to reward or punish businesses for their environmental programs often cannot observe these organizations' internal policies and operations. To address these informational problems, and signal their beyond-compliance environmental commitments, some businesses are participating in voluntary environmental programs (VEPs). This article examines whether business managers associate the brand value of VEPs - due to their differing program sponsors - with the perceived preferences of their critical stakeholders. Drawing on a novel data set of nearly 300 organizations, we assess business' participation in 19 government- and industry-sponsored VEPs. We find that managers who recognize the importance of stakeholder influences on their business' environmental practices are more likely to participate in a VEP but that pressures from different stakeholders are associated with variations in organizations' participation in either government- or industry-sponsored VEPs.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory
|Published - Apr 2010
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science
- Public Administration