Spatial-Temporal Deep Learning for Hosting Capacity Analysis in Distribution Grids

Jiaqi Wu, Jingyi Yuan, Yang Weng, Raja Ayyanar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The widespread use of distributed energy sources (DERs) raises significant challenges for power system design, planning, and operation, leading to wide adaptation of tools on hosting capacity analysis (HCA). Traditional HCA methods conduct extensive power flow analysis. Due to the computation burden, these time-consuming methods fail to provide online hosting capacity (HC) in large distribution systems. To solve the problem, we first propose a deep learning-based problem formulation for HCA, which conducts offline training and determines HC in real time. The used learning model, long short-term memory (LSTM), implements historical time-series data to capture periodical patterns in distribution systems. However, directly applying LSTMs suffers from low accuracy due to the lack of consideration on spatial information, where location information like feeder topology is critical in nodal HCA. Therefore, we modify the forget gate function to dual forget gates, to capture the spatial correlation within the grid. Such a design turns the LSTM into the Spatial-Temporal LSTM (ST-LSTM). Moreover, as voltage violations are the most vital constraints in HCA, we design a voltage sensitivity gate to increase accuracy further. The results of LSTMs and ST-LSTMs on feeders, such as IEEE 34-, 123-bus feeders, and utility feeders, validate our designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-364
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Hosting capacity
  • data-driven method
  • deep learning
  • distributed energy resource
  • long short-term memory (LSTM)
  • spatial-temporal correlation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Spatial-Temporal Deep Learning for Hosting Capacity Analysis in Distribution Grids'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this