Spatial flows and spatial patterns.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

90 Scopus citations


The misspecification of gravity spatial interaction models has recently been described by the author. The bias in parameter estimates that results from such misspecification appears to produce the 'map pattern effect' or 'spatial structure bias' in estimated distance-decay parameters. The severity of the bias is shown to vary in a predictable manner with variations in spatial structure.-from Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEnvironment & Planning A
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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