Smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke, and smoking restrictions in Tijuana, Mexico

Ana P. Martínez-Donate, Melbourne F. Hovell, C. Richard Hofstetter, Guillermo J. González-Pérez, Marc A. Adams, José De Jesús Sánchez, Gabriela Guzmán-Cerda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objective. To estimate the prevalence of tobacco use, exposure to secondhand smoke, and smoking restrictions in the home and workplace among residents of Tijuana, one of Mexico's largest cities. Methods. This cross-sectional household survey was conducted in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, during 2003 and 2004. A population-based sample of 400 Tijuana adult residents responded to a tobacco survey, and 397 of the surveys were analyzed. Results. About 22.9% (95% confidence interval (CI): 18.7%-27.1%) of Tijuana adults reported current smoking, and 53.9% (95% CI: 48.8%-58.9%) reported chronic exposure to secondhand smoke. Approximately 44.4% (95% CI: 37.9%-50.9%) of Tijuana adults had a nonsmoking policy in their workplace, while 65.8% (95% CI: 61.0%-70.6%) of Tijuana households were smoke-free. Conclusions. The results underline the need for increased tobacco control efforts, particularly stricter enforcement of existing passive smoking regulations, in order to expand protection from secondhand smoke from private settings to public ones and to curb the tobacco epidemic in Tijuana and elsewhere in Mexico.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-417
Number of pages6
JournalRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Environmental exposure
  • Family health
  • Health policy
  • Mexico
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco smoke pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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