SMART: Simulation model for activities, resources and travel

Peter R. Stopher, David T. Hartgen, Yuanjun Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


This paper proposes the development of an activity-based model of travel that inte-grates household activities, land use patterns, traffic flows, and regional demographics. The model is intended as a replacement of the traditional Urban Transportation Planning System (UTPS) modeling system now in common use. Operating in a geographic-information system (GIS) environment, the model's heart is a Household Activity Simulator that determines the locations and travel patterns of household members daily activities in 3 categories: mandatory, flexible, and optional. The system produces traffic volumes on streets and land use intensity patterns, as well as typical travel outputs. The model is particularly well suited to analyzing issues related to the Clean Air Act and the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA). Implementation would, ideally, require an activity-based travel diary, but can be done with standard house-interview travel surveys. An implementation effort consisting of validation research in parallel with concurrent model programming is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-312
Number of pages20
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Activities
  • Role allocation
  • Travel behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Development
  • Transportation


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