Smart-antenna systems for mobile communication networks. Part 1: Overview and antenna design

Salvatore Bellofiore, Constantine Balanis, Jeffrey Foutz, Andreas Spanias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

173 Scopus citations


This paper is in two parts because of its length. It focuses on the interaction and integration of several critical components of a mobile communication network using smart-antenna systems. This wireless network is composed of communicating nodes that are mobile, and its topology is continuously changing. One of the central motivations for this work comes from the observed dependence of the overall network throughput on the design of the adaptive antenna system and its underlying signal processing algorithms. Part 1 of this two-part paper gives a brief overview of smart-antenna systems, including the different types of smart-antenna systems, and the reason for their having gained popularity. Moreover, details of typical antenna array designs suitable for the wireless communication devices are included in this part. Part 2 of this paper discusses the direction-of-arrival and adaptive beamforming algorithms. Furthermore, Part 2 includes a study of the overall efficiency of the network throughput in terms of the antenna pattern and the length of the training sequence used by the beamforming algorithms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-154
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2002


  • Adaptive arrays
  • Antenna array mutual coupling
  • Array signal processing
  • Direction of arrival estimation
  • Land mobile radio cellular systems
  • Land mobile radio data communications
  • Land mobile radio equipment
  • Mobile communication
  • Smart antennas
  • Spatial division multiple access

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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