Site-specific DNA cleavage by antisense oligonucleotides covalently linked to phenazine Di-N-oxide

Katsuyuki Nagai, Sidney M. Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Site-specific degradation of DNA was achieved by the use of DNA oligonucleotides covalently tethered to phenazine 5,10-di-N-oxide. When annealed to a complementary DNA target strand, the antisense oligonucleotide effected alkylation of guanosine residues in proximity to the phenazine di-N-oxide prosthetic group. Admixture of dithiothreitol to the formed duplex resulted in reductive activation of the phenazine di-N-oxide moiety with concomitant generation of diffusible oxygen radicals; the latter effected strand scission of the target DNA oligonucleotide. Several parameters of DNA degradation were studied, including the effect on DNA degradation of chain length in the tether connecting the oligonucleotides and prosthetic group, the relative efficiencies of DNA cleavage when the prosthetic group was in the middle or at the end of the antisense oligonucleotide, and the effect of O2 on DNA degradation. Also studied was the actual chemistry of DNA oligonucleotide degradation and the ability of individual diastereomers of the modified oligonucleotides to mediate degradation of the target DNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23994-24002
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number35
StatePublished - Dec 15 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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