Simple chemical routes to diamond-cubic germanium-tin alloys

Jennifer Taraci, John Tolle, John Kouvetakis, Martha McCartney, David Smith, Jose Menendez, M. A. Santana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


We report the development of a simple chemical route to growing Ge1-xSnx semiconductors using ultrahigh-vacuum chemical vapor deposition and the molecular precursor (Ph)SnD3 as the source of Sn atoms. Thin films were deposited on oxidized and oxide-free Si by reactions of (Ph)SnD3 with Ge2H6 at 350°C. The composition, microstructure, and bonding properties of the films were characterized by Rutherford backscattering, high-resolution analytical electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. As-deposited Ge1-xSnx on oxidized Si displayed good crystallinity which improved significantly by annealing at 400°C. High-resolution electron microscopy and diffraction indicated a diamond-cubic structure with lattice constants intermediate to those of Ge and α-Sn. As-deposited Ge1-xSnx on pure Si was monocrystalline and epitaxial. Nanoprobe analysis in plan view and cross section revealed that the as-deposited and annealed materials were homogeneous with good chemical purity. The Raman spectra showed bands corresponding to Ge-Ge and Sn-Ge vibrations with frequencies consistent with a random tetrahedral alloy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3607-3609
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jun 4 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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