Side-viewing hollow optical waveguides allow for minimally invasive endoscopy by concentrically guiding light and sound for photoacoustic generation and detection. Here, we characterize the side-viewing photoacoustic waveguide (PWG) endoscope by scanning 7.2 μm diameter carbon fiber threads within phantom tissues and animal tissues. Photoacoustic signals are carried along the 5.5 and 10.0 cm length of the PWG with minimal attenuation. Thus, this technology enables 360°, deep-tissue photoacoustic imaging. Photoacoustic signals were identified up to 8.0 mm from the PWG imaging window in an optically clear medium. The outer diameter of this device is measured as just over 1.0 mm, with the potential to be further miniaturized due to its unique design. The PWG is an ideal candidate for a myriad of pre-clinical and clinical applications where typical photoacoustic endoscopy systems are impractical, due to their size. Presented here, is the first side-viewing photoacoustic waveguide endoscope.
- Photoacoustic endoscopy waveguide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging