Shift and Persist in Mexican American Youth: A Longitudinal Test of Depressive Symptoms

Gabriela L. Stein, Michaeline Jensen, Noah Keita Christophe, Rick A. Cruz, Michelle Martin Romero, Richard Robins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This paper tested whether shift-&-persist coping, or coping involving the combination of cognitive reappraisal, acceptance, and optimism (Chen & Miller, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2012, 7, 135), attenuates the risks presented by economic hardship and ethnic discrimination for change in depressive symptoms from 9th to 12th grade, in a sample of 674 Mexican American youth (Mage W1 = 10.86; 50% female; 72% US born) and whether this effect depends on ethnic pride. Structural equation modeling indicated that, when accounting for economic hardship, shift-&-persist was associated with fewer concurrent depression symptoms. Youth with lower ethnic pride who endorsed high levels of shift-&-persist were protected against the negative impacts of peer ethnic discrimination on depressive symptoms. Future research on ethnic discrimination should examine patterns of coping and identity that can mitigate risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1433-1451
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Latinx
  • identity
  • internalizing
  • peer discrimination
  • shift-&-persist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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