Set-based design: Case study on innovative hospital design

Kristen Parrish, John Michael Wong, Iris D. Tommelein, Bozidar Stojadinovic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

22 Scopus citations


This paper describes collaboration efforts of a project team that implemented lean concepts in the course of structural system selection during the design phase of a hospital project. Out-of-the-box thinking, contractual incentives for team work, early collaboration, and a set-based design approach led to the development of an innovative and cost-effective structural system that may set precedent for other medical facilities to be constructed in seismically active zones. The structural design team on this project rigorously explored the design space and tested design alternatives against project value propositions. When pushed by the owner to think more broadly, the structural engineer proposed using a new technology, namely viscous damping walls. This concept was developed in Japan but has not yet been tried on projects in the United States. Because it is a first, this solution requires not only rigorous analysis and testing by the structural engineer but also detailed investigation by the state's regulatory agency that issues building permits. This paper describes the team's efforts at defining the design space and the set-based design approach they used. A key lesson from this case study is that teams have a lot to learn about how to make requests and commitments while pursuing set-based design to be lean.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of IGLC16
Subtitle of host publication16th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event16th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, IGLC16 - Manchester, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 16 2008Jul 18 2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of IGLC16: 16th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction


Other16th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, IGLC16
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • Collaboration
  • Coordination
  • Integrated project delivery
  • Lean construction
  • Relational contracting
  • Seismic design
  • Set-based design
  • Stakeholder value
  • Structural engineering
  • Viscous damping walls

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture


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