Self-esteem: Assessing measurement equivalence in a multiethnic sample of youth

Marcia L. Michaels, Alicia Barr, Mark W. Roosa, George P. Knight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Global self-worth and five domains of self-esteem (scholastic competence, athletic competence, physical appearance, behavioral conduct, social acceptance) were tested for measurement equivalence in a sample of Anglo American, Mexican American, African American, and Native American youth aged 9 through 14 years. The results revealed that global self-worth and scholastic competence showed strong factorial invariance in all groups, and the remaining self-esteem domains showed strong factorial invariance in some of the groups. Functional equivalence analyses revealed that the relations between self-esteem and two developmental outcome variables, conduct disorder and attitudes toward substance use, were similar in groups in which strong factorial invariance was established. Implications for multiethnic studies and self-esteem research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-295
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2007


  • Conduct disorder
  • Ethnicity
  • Measurement equivalence
  • Self-esteem
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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