Self-diffusion in compressible gas flow through a microconduit

Di Shen, Kangping Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Steady viscous compressible gas flow through a microconduit is studied using the classical formulation of compressible Navier-Stokes equations with the no-slip condition. The mathematical theory of Klainerman and Majda for low Mach number flow is employed to derive asymptotic equations in the limit of small Mach number. The leading-order equations give rise to the Hagen-Poiseuille solution, and the equations at a higher order lead to a diffusive velocity field induced by self-diffusion of the gas. An explicit solution for the diffusive field is obtained under the no-slip condition and the overall flow exhibits a sliplike mass flow rate even though the velocity satisfies the no-slip condition. The results indicate that the classical formulation includes the self-diffusion effect and it embeds the extended Navier-Stokes equation (ENSE) theory without the need of introducing an additional constitutive hypothesis or assuming slip on the boundary. The predicted pressure profile agrees well with experiments. Contrary to reports in many ENSE publications, an extensive comparison with 35 experiments shows that in the slip-flow regime the predicted mass flow rate is still significantly below the measured mass flow rate, as the self-diffusion effect is too small to account for the observed mass flow-rate enhancement in this flow regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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