Seismic analysis of solid waste landfills

Edward Kavazanjian, Neven Matasovic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

33 Scopus citations


Equivalent-linear and truly non-linear seismic site response analyses for solid waste landfills are calibrated with the observed behavior of the OII landfill in recent earthquakes. The calibrated analyses provide insight into the selection of solid waste properties for seismic design, fundamental aspects of the seismic behavior of solid waste landfills, and limitations of the equivalent-linear method. Observations and predictions of seismic response demonstrate that outcrop motions can be amplified by landfills, that the peak average acceleration of the landfill mass is unlikely to exceed the peak outcrop acceleration, and that the unit weight and initial shear wave velocity gradients within the landfill are important factors in seismic response analyses. Non-linear analyses demonstrate the potential benefit of low shear strength geosynthetic interfaces with respect to reduction of the peak acceleration response of the landfill.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeotechnical Special Publication
Number of pages15
Edition46 /2
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the Specialty Conference on Geotechnical Practice in Waste Disposal. Part 1 (of 2) - New Orleans, LA, USA
Duration: Feb 24 1995Feb 26 1995


OtherProceedings of the Specialty Conference on Geotechnical Practice in Waste Disposal. Part 1 (of 2)
CityNew Orleans, LA, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture


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