Scientific and technical human capital: An alternative model for research evaluation

Barry Bozeman, James S. Dietz, Monica Gaughan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

298 Scopus citations


We provide an alternative model for evaluating science and technology projects and programs. Our approach, a 'scientific and technical human capital' (S&T human capital) model, gives less attention to the discrete products and immediate outcomes from scientific projects and programs - the usual focus of evaluations - and more attention to scientists' career trajectories and their sustained ability to contribute and enhance their capabilities. S&T human capital encompasses not only the individual human capital endowments but also researchers' tacit knowledge, craft knowledge, and know-how. S&T human capital further includes the social capital that scientists continually draw upon in creating knowledge - for knowledge creation is neither a solitary nor singular event. In sum, it is this expanded notion of human capital when paired with a productive social capital network that enables researchers to create and transform knowledge and ideas in ways that would not be possible without these resources. We review literature contributing to an S&T human capital model and consider some of the practical data and measurement issues entailed in implementing such an approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-740
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Technology Management
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Evaluation methods
  • Human capital
  • R&D policy
  • Social capital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • General Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management
  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Scientific and technical human capital: An alternative model for research evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this