Safety and protective efficacy of live attenuated Salmonella Gallinarum mutants in Rhode Island Red chickens

Arindam Mitra, Amanda Loh, Amanda Gonzales, Paweł Łaniewski, Crystal Willingham, Roy Curtiss, Kenneth L. Roland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Salmonella enterica serovar Gallinarum is the causative agent of fowl typhoid, an important systemic disease of poultry with economic consequences in developing nations. A live attenuated orally applied S. Gallinarum vaccine could provide a low cost method for controlling this disease. We constructed S. Gallinarum strains in which the expression of the crp, rfc and rfaH genes, important for virulence of Salmonella Typhimurium in mice, were under the control of an arabinose-regulated promoter. We evaluated the virulence of these strains compared to wild-type S. Gallinarum and to mutants carrying deletions in these genes. We found that rfc mutants were fully virulent, indicating that, unlike the S. Typhimurium mouse model, the rfc gene is dispensable in S. Gallinarum for virulence in birds. In the case of rfaH, the deletion mutant was attenuated and protective, while the strain with arabinose-regulated rfaH expression retained full virulence. The strain exhibiting arabinose-regulated crp expression was attenuated. Its virulence was not affected by the inclusion of 0.2% arabinose in the drinking water. Birds immunized with this strain were protected against a lethal S. Gallinarum challenge and against colonization with the human pathogen Salmonella Enteritidis. This work shows that an arabinose-regulated crp strain provides a basis for further development of a fowl typhoid vaccine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1094-1099
Number of pages6
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 4 2013


  • Fowl typhoid
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Live attenuated vaccines
  • Poultry
  • Regulated delayed attenuation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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