Rorschach revisited: A new look at an old test

Howard Wainer, Stephen Hurt, Leona Aiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Two control samples (21 and 27 college students) and a sample of 21 short-term psychiatric patients (aged 21-26 yrs) scaled all pairs of Rorschach inkblots for perceived similarity. Data were analyzed using J. D. Carroll and C. C. Chang's individual scaling (INDSCAL) model, which resulted in a good fit in 2 dimensions. These 2 dimensions were interpreted as a dimension of color and 1 of form ("twoness"), and empirically validated in a 2nd study, using 2 groups of controls (20 and 33 college students) and 6 short-term schizophrenic patients. It was also found that the saliences estimated by INDSCAL for each S formed 3 virtually nonoverlapping distributions. This implies a possible use of the method within a diagnostic context. (42 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-399
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 1976


  • individual scaling model, scaling pairs of Rorschach inkblots for perceived similarity, college students &
  • schizophrenic patients
  • short term psychiatric &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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