Risk factors for outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 infection at retirement homes in Ontario, Canada: A population-level cohort study

Andrew P. Costa, Derek R. Manis, Aaron Jones, Nathan M. Stall, Kevin A. Brown, Veronique Boscart, Adriane Castellino, George A. Heckman, Michael P. Hillmer, Chloe Ma, Paul Pham, Saad Rais, Samir K. Sinha, Jeffrey W. Poss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 infection in retirement homes (also known as assisted living facilities) is largely unknown. We examined the association between homeand community-level characteristics and the risk of outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 infection in retirement homes since the beginning of the first wave of the COVID- 19 pandemic. METHODS: We conducted a populationbased, retrospective cohort study of licensed retirement homes in Ontario, Canada, from Mar. 1 to Dec. 18, 2020. Our primary outcome was an outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 infection (≥ 1 resident or staff case confirmed by validated nucleic acid amplification assay). We used time-dependent proportional hazards methods to model the associations between retirement home- and community-level characteristics and outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 infection. RESULTS: Our cohort included all 770 licensed retirement homes in Ontario, which housed 56 491 residents. There were 273 (35.5%) retirement homes with 1 or more outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 infection, involving 1944 (3.5%) residents and 1101 staff (3.0%). Cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection were distributed unevenly across retirement homes, with 2487 (81.7%) resident and staff cases occurring in 77 (10%) homes. The adjusted hazard of an outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 infection in a retirement home was positively associated with homes that had a large resident capacity, were co-located with a long-term care facility, were part of larger chains, offered many services onsite, saw increases in regional incidence of SARSCoV- 2 infection, and were located in a region with a higher community-level ethnic concentration. INTERPRETATION: Readily identifiable characteristics of retirement homes are independently associated with outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 infection and can support risk identification and priority for vaccination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E672-E680
JournalCMAJ
Volume193
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Risk factors for outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 infection at retirement homes in Ontario, Canada: A population-level cohort study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this