RF Characterization of Diamond Schottky p-i-n Diodes for Receiver Protector Applications

Harshad Surdi, Mohammad Faizan Ahmad, Franz Koeck, Robert J. Nemanich, Stephen Goodnick, Trevor J. Thornton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Diamond Schottky p-i-n diodes have been grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) and incorporated as a shunt element within coplanar striplines for RF characterization. The p-i-n diodes have a thin, lightly doped n-type layer that is fully depleted by the top metal contact, and they operate as high-speed Schottky rectifiers. Measurements from dc to 25 GHz confirm that the diodes can be modeled by a voltage-dependent resistor in parallel with a fixed-value capacitor. In the OFF state with a dc bias of 0 V, the diode insertion loss is less than 0.3 dB at 1 GHz and increases to 14 dB when forward biased to 7.6 V. With a contact resistance, $R_{C}$ , of 0.25 $\text{m}\Omega \cdot $ cm2 and an OFF capacitance, $C_{\mathrm{\scriptscriptstyle OFF}}$ , of 17.5 nF/cm2, the diodes have an RF figure of merit $F_{\mathrm {oc}} =$ ( $2\pi R_{C}\,\,C_{\mathrm{\scriptscriptstyle OFF}})^{-1}$ of 36.5 GHz. The RF model suggests that reducing $R_{C}$ to less than $5\times 10^{-5} \Omega \cdot $ cm2 will enable input power rejection exceeding 30 dB. Compared to conventional silicon or compound semiconductor based power limiters, the superior thermal conductivity of the diamond Schottky p-i-n diodes makes them ideally suitable for RF receiver protectors (RPs) that require high power handing capability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9241775
Pages (from-to)1141-1144
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Diamond
  • SPICE model extraction
  • Schottky diodes
  • power semiconductor device
  • receiver protectors (RPs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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