Revenue and Harmonics: An Evaluation of Some Proposed Rate Structures

A. Mceachern, W. M.G. Rady, W. A. Moncrief, G. T. Heydt, M. Mc Granaghan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


IEEE Recommended Practice 519 sets specific limits on harmonic voltages and currents at the “point of common coupling”, which is usually interpreted as the revenue meter. Although most utilities will employ these limits simply to persuade and encourage their customers to reduce harmonics (and vice versa), it is also possible to construct economic incentives to encourage both the utility and the consumer to remain within the limits described in IEEE 519. This paper discusses seven approaches to this challenge, and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each. It appears that the “Harmonic-Adjusted Power Factor” approach is practical, justifiable, compatible with existing rate structures, and relatively easy to implement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-482
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Distortion
  • Harmonics
  • IEEE 519
  • Metering
  • Rate
  • Revenue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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