Resonant mode-hopping micromixing

Ling Sheng Jang, Shih Hui Chao, Mark R. Holl, Deirdre R. Meldrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


A common micromixer design strategy is to generate interleaved flow topologies to enhance diffusion. However, problems with these designs include complicated structures and dead volumes within the flow fields. We present an active micromixer using a resonating piezoceramic/silicon composite diaphragm to generate acoustic streaming flow topologies. Circulation patterns are observed experimentally and correlate to the resonant mode shapes of the diaphragm. The dead volumes in the flow field are eliminated by rapidly switching from one discrete resonant mode to another (i.e., resonant mode-hop). Mixer performance is characterized by mixing buffer with a fluorescence tracer containing fluorescein. Movies of the mixing process are analyzed by converting fluorescent images to two-dimensional fluorescein concentration distributions. The results demonstrate that mode-hopping operation rapidly homogenized chamber contents, circumventing diffusion-isolated zones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 20 2007


  • Acoustic streaming
  • Fluorescent image calibration
  • Microfluidics
  • Micromixer
  • Mode-hopping micromixing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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