Residues Within the N-terminal Domain of Human Topoisomerase I Play a Direct Role in Relaxation

Michael Lisby, Jens R. Olesen, Camilla Skouboe, Berit O. Krogh, Tobias Straub, Fritz Boege, Soundarapaudian Velmurugan, Pia M. Martensen, Anni H. Andersen, Makkuni Jayaram, Ole Westergaard, Birgitta R. Knudsen

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48 Scopus citations


All eukaryotic forms of DNA topoisomerase I contain an extensive and highly charged N-terminal domain. This domain contains several nuclear localization sequences and is essential for in vivo function of the enzyme. However, so far no direct function of the N-terminal domain in the in vitro topoisomerase I reaction has been reported. In this study we have compared the in vitro activities of a truncated form of human topoisomerase I lacking amino acids 1-206 (p67) with the full-length enzyme (p91). Using these enzyme forms, we have identified for the first time a direct role of residues within the N-terminal domain in modulating topoisomerase I catalysis, as revealed by significant differences between p67 and p91 in DNA binding, cleavage, strand rotation, and ligation. A comparison with previously published studies showing no effect of deleting the first 174 or 190 amino acids of topoisomerase I (Stewart, L., Ireton, G. C., and Champoux, J. J. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 32950-32960; Bronstein, I. B., Wynne-Jones, A., Sukhanova, A., Fleury, F., Ianoul, A., Holden, J. A., Alix, A. J., Dodson, G. G., Jardillier, J. C., Nabiev, I., and Wilkinson, A. J. (1999) Anticancer Res. 19, 317-327) suggests a pivotal role of amino acids 191-206 in catalysis. Taken together the presented data indicate that at least part(s) of the N-terminal domain regulate(s) enzyme/ DNA dynamics during relaxation most probably by controlling non-covalent DNA binding downstream of the cleavage site either directly or by coordinating DNA contacts by other parts of the enzyme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20220-20227
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number23
StatePublished - Jun 8 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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